Azoospermia or nil sperm is the most severe form of male factor infertility where man has no sperm in his ejaculation. In other word it can be said that absence of sperm in the semen of a man. Azoospermia can also be known as man having not measurable amount of sperm in his ejaculation for fertilization to proceed. It can be associated with very low level of fertility and even sterility. In humans Azoospermia affects about 3 percent of population and even go up to 20 percent of male infertility.
Azoospermia can be classified into various types as listed below but many of the conditions lead to Oligozoospermia rather than Azoospermia:
- Testicular Azoospermia- Testis are abnormal, atrophic or absent. Sperm production is severly disturbed. Testicular failure occurs that includes absence or failure to produce sperm and maturation arrest during process of Spermatogenesis.
- Pretesticular Azoospermia – Pretesticular Azoospermia includes inadequate stimulation of normal testicle and genital tract. This occurs as Follicle Stimulating hormone is low (Hypogonadatrism) that leads to inadequate stimulation of testis to produce sperm.
- Post testicular Azoospermia- In Post testicular Azoospermia sperms are produced but not ejaculated. It is a condition that affects 8 to 80 percent f men. Physical obstruction of the post the post testicular genital tract leads to this condition. Vasectomy done to induce contraceptive reason is the most common cause of this. Cogenital obstructions (agenesis of vas deferens as seen in certain case of cystis fibrosis) or acquired obstruction as ejaculatory duct obstruction.
- Testicular Failure- Radiation and chemotherapy due to cancer and trauma, surgery and other cause can lead to testicular failure. Cogenital issue such as certain genetic condition e.g. (kleinfelter syndrome) and sertoli cell only syndrome can lead to this condition.
Ayurvedic Treatment of Azoospermia
We have the Ayurvedic treatment for Azoospermia and Male Infertility. There is no satisfactory treatment of Azoospermia in allopathic medicine. It includes Medicinal and Panchkarma Vidhi.
Medicinal Treatment-Various herbs are known for increasing the sperm count. Medicines like Shatavari, Nagbala, Musli, Ashwagandha, Milk, Haritaki, Amla, Shatavari, Pippalai and Kalpa plays an essential role in improving the sperm count. Along with the herbs there are various classical combinations that are helpful in treating this condition Makardhwaj wati, Suwarna sidhha, Shilajeet Adi Wati and Musli safed.
Kapikacchu, vidari, Gokshur, shatavari, Ashwagandha and Bruhati Phala are very remarkable to treat problem related with semen ejaculation.Goksur and Guduchi are used to relate problem related with obstruction or Infections.